Target Region

HEDCON work is mainly focused on the village people who are living in the Thar Desert region in western Rajasthan. Due to many social, economic and environmental factors life in this region can be hard and unpredictable. A lack of rainfall or available health facility sometimes creates matters of life and death for many people in this target region.

Rajasthan: The Thar Desert

Rajasthan is the largest state in India and known as the land of kings and colours. It is located in the northwestern part of India and borders with Pakistan. A large portion of the area is known as the Thar Desert or the Great Indian Desert. Although this area is void of many natural resources it still remains one of the most inhabited deserts in the world. The Thar Desert region is classified as a desert due to its minimal and erratic rainfall as well as its largest variation in temperature which can exceed 45 in the summers and drop below freezing during in the winter.

Despite the lack of arable land, agriculture is still the number one industry and produces many pulses and oilseeds. The second major industry is mining as many different minerals deposits are scattered throughout the desert area. The main mining minerals include marble, sandstone, limestone, brick and granite which are used all over India as well as exported to various countries throughout the world.

Rajasthan may be one of the largest states in India, but it is still one of the lowest in terms of basic health indicators. Many people living in the Thar Desert lack basic access to healthcare services, water supplies and educational facilities. They are uninformed of their rights as individuals and lack the resources to change their situation for themselves and their families. This type of life means levels of unemployment, disease and infant and child mortality are all very high. When all of these factors come together it creates a negative cycle in which many people, including men, women and children cannot find their way out of.